Advanced Special Systems Theory



Special Systems Theory, Schemas Theory, Systems Theory, Meta-systems Theory, Worlds Theory, Acupuncture Theory


Special Systems Theory has been developed over the last 20 some years starting in the early 1990s. Several collections of papers and summaries have been dedicated to describing it[1]. Much of the work over the years has been looking for precursors to the theory in other traditions such as Buddhism, Islamic Sufism, and Taoism that has been successful. However recently a major advance has been made which calls for a reassessment of the theory. In this paper we will discuss the theory as it stands and the advances that have been made in understanding it recently.


[1] See Autopoietic Reflexive Systems Theory, Reflexive Autopoietic Dissipative Special Systems Theory, Special Systems Theory,

Author Biography

Kent Duane Palmer, none

Systems Engineer, Systems Scientist



How to Cite

Palmer, K. D. (2019). Advanced Special Systems Theory. Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the ISSS - 2018 Corvallis, OR, USA, 1(1). Retrieved from



Research Toward a General Theory of Systems