problem solving and systems science
Keywords:problem solving, linguistic modelling, purposive sysems, design
The structure of problem solving inclusive that of design thinking is outlined. The generality of change of physical or mental states of chosen empirical objects is stated. Any one of such states may be identified subjectively by an observer as a problematic initial state. This kind of state can then be reverted either into a satisfactory previous state from which it has arisen, or turned into a final state which is regarded as its resolution. Changes of state are caused to occur as a result of chance or by the action of purposive systems. The structure of such systems consists of interacting components of related elements. The components perform specific functions the performance of which may be subject to will, feelings, emotions or instinct in case of living in particular human components. The components are arranged in specific topology, all this is a matter for systems science.
Static and dynamic linguistic modelling is regarded to form the analytical basis of systems science and that of a design methodology. This methodology acts as a guide in creating symbolic models of purposive systems or prototypes which perform so as to transform a problematic initial state of a chosen object either into a satisfactory previous state or a final state. Problem solving and systems science are thus form a unique whole.