The Effects of Family and Homemaking on the Career Development of Japanese RNs

Kyoko Kato, Koichi Ono, Kazuyo Sekiguchi


Family and homemaking is considered a serious obstacle in the career development of Japanese working wives. The main reason is that gender roles force homemaking upon women and the long working hours expected of men prevents husbands from taking part in affairs of the home.

The method of this study is a questionnaire administered to registered nurses (RNs), a typical profession for working women in Japan. The participants are 2,376 RNs who work for large institutional hospitals. We used multiple regression analysis of the effect the following factors have on career development: family relations, social support both professional and in private life, basic nursing education, training and development in / outside of the hospital, and mentoring.

The results show that generalized self-efficacy and mentoring are major factors in terms of career development. However, satisfaction for family relations and whether or not women have support in their private lives does not have a major effect on career development even for those with children.

Additionally, we discuss the relationship of gender roles and the career development of nurses.


career development, gender roles, nurse

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